Saturday, May 23, 2020

American Modernization Essay - 598 Words

American Modernization nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Leading up to the turn of our present century, changes in culture and society of America triggered modernization throughout much of our commerce, social, artistic and educational lives. The past century or so has brought new obstacles and opportunities for the nation of America. This changing is reflected through some of the works by writers such as, Robert Frost, William Williams, Ezra Pound, and T.S. Eliot. Examining people’s mindset in modernization one common feeling of people is â€Å"nervousness† which is due to the nation’s reluctance to change. T.S. Eliot is quoted with the statement quot;the immense panorama of futility and anarchy which is contemporary history.quot;1 Modernism†¦show more content†¦Much of the passion for a modernist change in art can be seen to arise from a need to compensate for new conditions in modern experience. William Williams was a modernist writer in the early 20th century who expressed his dim views on his present day society. Williams’ poem â€Å"To Elise† is the poem that lashes out at American society describing how raunchy and distasting life really is. Williams clearly is unhappy with the present time and reflects back to an earlier time of tradition in these lines: â€Å"and young slatterns, bathed/ in filth/ from Monday to Saturday/ to be tricked out that night/ with gauds/ from imagination which have no/ peasant traditions to give them/ character/but flutter and flaunt/ sheer rags†(Elise 13-22). All of Williams’ poems are dreary and depressing that shows no promising light at the end of the tunnel. Williams’ poems highlight most of the changes going on in America at the time from underage working to automobiles. Sometimes he speaks of the changes in America directly and other times he mentions it in a passing verse. This is seen in the lines â€Å"sent out at fifteen to work in some hard-pressed house in the suburbs†¦no one to witness and adjust, no one to drive the car†(Elise 37-39 and 63-66). You can here the distress and dissatisfaction in every word wrote by Williams. Another writer that excelled in the modernization period was Robert Frost. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Frost wrote many poems and works during theShow MoreRelatedHistory Of Latin American Underdevelopment By J. Samuel Valenzuela And Arturo Valenzuela908 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Modernization and Dependency: Alternative Perspectives in the Study of Latin American Underdevelopment† by J. Samuel Valenzuela and Arturo Valenzuela broadly compares and analyzes modernization and the dependency approach (1978, p.536) within the context of underdevelopment in Latin America. Valenzuela and Valenzuela first begin by discussing the modernization perspective, its assumptions and how this perspective relates to Latin America underdevelopment (1978, p.537). Valenzuela and ValenzuelaRead MoreEconomic And Cultural Impact On The Quality Of Democracy Across The Globe Essay1770 Words   |  8 Pageseconomic development have a directly proportional relationship; nations which are more economically developed experience greater chances of sustaining a stable level of democracy (Lipset 1959, p.75). By undertaking a large-n comparison of multiple Latin American and Anglophone/ European nations, both democracies and dictatorships, Lipset identified a positive linear correlation between their level of democracy and their state of development. To arrive at this observation, he measured indicators such as educationRead MoreThe Modernization Theory, The Dependency Theory And The Globalization Theory1552 Words   |  7 Pagesperpetual Sisyphian struggle to categorize the d ynamics of human societies in neat but abstract intellectual constructs, have also tried to understand the reasons of global inequality and stratification. Three of the most important theories are the modernization theory, the dependency theory, and the globalization theory. While the first implies that the Western European socioeconomic model is superior, the other two make no such insinuations; however, they do reflect different point of views. MoreoverRead MoreCultural And Regional Awareness Through All Units1337 Words   |  6 PagesOffice of the Secretary of Defense has conceded through the Comptroller’s report that the Army’s approach to budget reductions takes deliberate risk and cannot adjust manpower fast enough to achieve balance across readiness, force structure, and modernization in the near-term. (Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 2014) The current fiscal year 2016 budget request attempts to prioritize the RAF concept by providing wha t it calls a robust training and execution plan for regionally alignedRead MoreAn Examination of the Modernization in the American Society in Marianne Wiggins ´ Evidence of Things Unseen1198 Words   |  5 PagesUnseen by Marianne Wiggins identifies several ways in which the American Society modernized during the interwar period, the time period between World War 1 and World War 2. To be considered modern a country had to become industrialized. Industrialism is a way of life that encompasses profound economic, social, political, and cultural changes. (Modernization) America made three profound social changes which modernized the nation. The American government tried to improve education throughout the nationRead MoreThe Modernization Of The United States895 Words   |  4 Pagesambiguous terminology; therefore, it should be of no surprise the topic of the ‘modernization’ of the United States garners little consensus. While some historians see elements of modernity i n the widespread political participation of the initial decades of colonial settlement, others focus on the economic and demographic diversity of the eighteenth century as their focal point. Contrasting historians insist the American Revolution became the catalyst for permanent change, while still more contendRead MoreHmong Textiles Essay955 Words   |  4 Pagesthese different Hmong textiles range from silk to the nylon and polyester, the American synthetic fibers (Fadiman). In Laos, a part of Indochina, Hmong women often used Vietnamese silk to create their twelve foot long turban. With silks great absorbency properties it was then dyed in a dark color usually maroon or a navy blue. When the large population of Hmong population migrated to the United States, the modernization of the turban headdress became a rooster hat. The rooster hat was fabricated ofRead MoreLooking For Sanctuary : Mexico s Image Essay1544 Words   |  7 PagesLooking for Sanctuary: Mexico’s Image in the African-American Press, 1910-1955 (Introduction) In 1952, a literary profile of Willard Motley appeared in the African-American publication Jet Magazine. The magazine reported that Motley had journeyed south of the U.S.-Mexico border to collect data for his next novel about how African Americans viewed Mexico. The profile on Motley was printed before he could recount his experience in the country, which he once stated gave him a new sense of belongingRead MoreEthnographic Experience with Chinese Essay1004 Words   |  5 Pagesimmigrants and Chinese Americans, one must do research on that countries heritage, traditions, and other customs before submerging one-self into a Chinese families home. I chose to experience and observe a Chinese family who was kind enough to let me be a guest in their home to share dinner. Literary Review The world is always changing which forces people to modify their ways of life. Some people label changes in society, politics, economics, technology, and fashion as modernization. One might say itRead MoreCultural Change and Shifting Views of America Essay1591 Words   |  7 Pages April 20, 2015 Cultural Change and Shifting View in America Many consider The 1893 Chicago’s World Fair as a day that paved the way out of traditional life into modernization. It was considered one of the first cases in history where communication technologies, marketing strategies, and urban planning all interplayed at once. The Ashcan School marked the beginning of when artists began looking past any social constraints

Monday, May 18, 2020

Stereotyping of Female Offenders in the Criminal Justice...

When the criminal justice system was established, the main objective was to create neutrality and fairness between the sexes. Even though people might believe that there is no such thing as ‘stereotyping’ in the criminal justice system, it is quite obvious that women are constantly being look down upon because of their sex. In general, women tend to be treated like fragile objects that could break at any moment; the truth is that women can be strong and courageous just like men. Society stereotypes women and the criminal justice system is no different. Throughout history, certain crimes have been separated into different categories base on their prevalence. For every crime, the offense and charge is different. In addition, not every†¦show more content†¦Most of the time, men try to justify female offenders just because they are women. One thing that should never be assumed is that everyone behaves like they do because of outside influences. Sometimes people are perfectly healthy (mentally, emotionally, and physically), but they simply make bad choices. In the end, chivalry is used to ‘protect’ those women; in other words, chivalry tends to be used to justify their actions by presenting them as victims. In most occasions, women use this stereotyping to their advantage because they know that if they do their sentencing will more likely be reduced. Furthermore, another stereotype against women is clearly stated by Pollak. According to Pollak’s theory, men commit crimes to ‘protect’ women and because as he kindly states, â€Å"the instigation of women† is the reason why men commit crimes (Anderson, 1976). According psychologists such as Pollak, Freud, Rogers and Thomas, women only commit crimes because they are â€Å"jealous† of men and therefore develop certain complex such as the penis envy. In addition, these psychologists claim that women use their sexuality in other to achieve what they want, when they want it and however they want it. As a result, the criminal justice system incarcerates women longer than men even if they have been convicted for the same offence(s) as they counterpart because they believe that they are â€Å"protecting† these women (Anderson, 1976). Over the years, women have been portrayed asShow MoreRelatedWomen in the Criminal Justice System1575 Words   |  6 PagesWomen in the Criminal Justice System The field of Criminal Justice, like so many of the employment fields within the United States, is a largely male-dominated field. In the minds of many individuals around the country, and around the world, the mention of the Criminal Justice field brings to mind the image of strong male law enforcement officials employed to both protect their respective communities and keep a sea of male criminals under the watchful eye of the law. It may, then, surprise manyRead MoreRace, Gender, And Age Of Criminal Sentencing : The Punishment Cost Of Being Young, Black,1430 Words   |  6 Pagesbeen immersed in can result in some sort of discrimination or bias. Three physical characteristics are often times the root cause of most discrimination, race, gender, and age. In a research paper titled â€Å"The Interaction of Race, Gender, and Age in Criminal Sentencing: The Punishment Cost of Being Young, Black, and Male† three university researchers ask a series of question to determine if race, gender, and age have an effect on judicial sentencing, and how â€Å"these factors might contextualize on another†Read MoreThe Media s The Most Powerful Entity On The Earth1564 Words   |  7 Pagesmatter of media as a manipulative concept and that the media has a way to shape the readers minds into only seeing the negative point of view of a either a victim or offender. In doing so, it entitles that they have a large amount of power, which influences society’s decisions on whether or not they can trust the criminal justice system as a whole. In a recent case that took place back in September of this year, involving a 15-year old aboriginal girl named Tina Fontaine, the media illustrates theRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is Not A New Practice Essay1740 Words   |  7 PagesFlorida. The death penalty has been a well-established, though highly controversial, practice in the United States for almost 400 years. The first execution of a criminal in the American colonies occurred in Virginia in 1622. During most of the 20th century, the vast majority of states in the country permitted execution of convicted criminals. The practice dates back to early English common law, where virtually any person convicted of a felony offence faced a mandatory death sentence, but the practiceRead MoreInequalities within the Criminal Justice System2475 Words   |  10 PagesThis essay will crucially consider whether there is inequalities within the criminal justice system between mothers and fathers, this will analyses a lot of statistics about males and females within prison with ratios of mothers in prison and that is compared to fathers, also compare between the crime and relations to the crime to show a clear cut understanding if there is or isn’t inequalities. The essay will discuss criminological theories linking in to how crime is seen in society the differencesRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is Not A New Practice Essay1741 Words   |  7 Pagesand controversial, form of punishment in the United States for almost 400 years. This punishment was first introduced in Virginia in 1622. Throughout most of the 20th century, the majority of states in the country permitted execution of convicted criminals. The practice dates back to early English common law, where virtually any person convicted of a felony offence faced a mandatory death sentence, but the practice has always been much more widespread in the US than in the United Kingdom, which abandonedRead MoreSocial Causes and Consequences of Inequalities Based on Race, Class, Gender, and Sexual Orientation2854 Words   |  11 Pagesof Blacks depicted as criminals is very strong in the present media which consequently results in perpetuation of stereotypes in t he culture in a subtle yet effectual manner (Gorham, 2006). Moreover, a study in 1991 concluded that the TV media is playing a strong role in spreading modern racism through muted portrayal of stereotypes. The study further concluded that the media has actually worsened racial hostilities rather than reducing it, reason being, through stereotyping certain racial minoritiesRead MoreRacial Profiling in the US3466 Words   |  14 Pagesï » ¿OUTLINE Thesis: Historical hostility and the bias social and criminal justice system against the Black minority has been a major cause of obstacle in achieving a social status in United States. Introduction Problem Statement Literature Review Blacks and Slavery Blacks and the Social Justice System Blacks and Criminal Justice System Conclusion References RACISM AND DISCRIMINATION IN BLACK Introduction The story of A Raisin in the Sun  is fundamentally concerning visions, as the majorRead MoreLabeling A Person As Deviant1904 Words   |  8 Pagesby George Herbert Mead in the early 1900s when he examined the criminal justice system from a social reactions perspective (1918), and shortly thereafter by Tannenbaum (1938), who described deviant labeling as ‘‘tagging,’’ (the outcome of society’s reaction to deviant behavior), which then evokes in the deviant a refusal to submit to society members’ ‘‘dramatization of evil’’ (1938). Once the person was labeled and viewed as a criminal, this label sent a message to others that this person was no longerRead MoreRacial Prejudice And Crime And Criminal Justice1749 Words   |  7 Pages Several characters stories interweave during a couple of days in Los Angeles. There is a African American detective who does not have a relationship with his mother and his criminal younger brother with a gang member; a Caucasian district attorney and his prejudice and pampered wife; a racist white police officer who dislikes his partner because he is so idealistic; an African American Hollywood director and his wife who have some problems with the racist white cop; a Persian-immigrant father

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Night A Personal Account Of The Holocaust And The Brutal...

KayLee A. Skipper Dr. Provost History 4336 6 October 2016 Night is a personal account of the Holocaust and the brutal reality of concentration camps in Poland. The short narrative is written by Elie Wiesel, an orthodox Jew, that was taken from his home in Sighet, a small town in Transylvania and forced to experience life within the walls of one of the deadliest concentration camps of the Holocaust. It was not until 1944 that Hungary, where Wiesel and his family resided, was affected by the catastrophe that was annihilating all of the other Jewish communities across Europe. In May of this year, Wiesel along with his family and almost all of the inhabitants of the Sighet shtetl were deported to Poland and placed in Auschwitz. At this time, Wiesel was the young age of 15 years old. Wiesel’s father, mother, and little sister all died in the Holocaust. Wiesel survived and emigrated to France. He then later published his story in several different languages. Wiesel terms Night a â€Å"deposition rather than a memoir, novel, or any other type of literary work. Night does not seem to be a record of facts nor is it an impartial document. Instead, it should be viewed and read as an attempt to re-create the thoughts and experiences that Wiesel endured as a young, teenage concentration camp prisoner. Anti-semitic legislation was not a foreign concept common in Hungary, but the Holocaust itself did not reach Hungary until 1944. In the spring of 1944, the German army occupiedShow MoreRelatedThe Book Night By Elie Wiesel988 Words   |  4 PagesThe autobiography Night, begins by describing the main character, Elie Wiesel’s, life before The Holocaust. Wiesel is also the author of this account of a true story. The novel begins in 1941 and is set in the Transylvanian town of Sighet. Wiesel’s family consists of his parents, who’s names are not mentioned in the book, and his three sisters, Hilda, Bà ©a, and Tzipora. They are a strict Orthodox Jewish family and have always followed the traditions and laws associated with being Jewish. His fatherRead MoreThe Failure Of Sighet Jews Essay2242 Words   |  9 PagesJews to anticipate Nazi terrorism. The Jews of Sighet were of disproving failure to anticipate Nazi terrorism in reason of two factors: disbelief by doubt and ignorant fear within themselves and their community of Hitler’s extermination strategy. In Night, the author introduces his life as a teenager and his relations with Moshe the Beadle, a shtibl who would joyfully about the Kabbalah and its mysterious revelations and guide him into studying such esoteric tradition, but then drone endlessly aboutRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagessocial groups—including women, laborers, INTRODUCTION †¢ 3 ethnic minorities, and gays—made strides that were perhaps greater than all of those achieved in previous history combined. During the same time span, however, state tyranny and brutal oppression reached once unimaginable levels—in large part due to the refinement or introduction of new technologies of repression and surveillance and modes of mass organization and control. Breakthroughs in the sciences that greatly enhanced ourRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pageswho perceive themselves as suffering some form of oppression and marginalization. Furthermore, the Rastafarian movement has made itself felt across the globe through the inï ¬â€šuence it has exerted on popular music and fashion (clothing, hairstyles, personal accessories, and so on). Against this background, this study seeks to investigate how the movement has made the transition from obscurity to popularity; how Rastas, much maligned, persecuted, and repressed because of their perceived threat to Jamaican Read MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagesthe book is accessible, well researched and readers are encouraged to view chapters as a starting point for getting to grips with the field of organization theory. Dr Martin Brigham, Lancaster University, UK McAuley et al. provide a highly readable account of ideas, perspectives and practices of organization. By thoroughly explaining, analyzing and exploring organization theory the book increases the understanding of a field that in recent years has become ever more fragmented. Organization theory is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Allocation Of Scarce Resources Donor Organs - 2243 Words

Allocation of Scarce Resources: Donor Organs Deborah Russell Drexel University Abstract The allocation of scarce resources is an ongoing issue in healthcare today. The scarcity of many specific interventions include beds in the intensive care unit, donor organs, and vaccines during a pandemic influenza are widely acknowledged as an extensive issue in healthcare ethics. The allocation of scarce resources is the determination of how to equally and fairly use scarce medical resources available in a healthcare environment. This paper will focus on donor organs for transplantation and the ethical dilemmas associated with donation/transplantation. Organ shortage is the greatest challenge facing the field of organ transplantation in today’s world (Saidi, R., Kenan, S., 2014). Ethical principles and regulation requirements often overlap. Key words: Organ transplantation, Organ donor, Scarce resources Allocation of Scarce Resources: Donor Organs The allocation of scarce resources is an ongoing issue in healthcare today. The scarcity of many specific interventions include beds in the intensive care unit, donor organs, and vaccines during a pandemic influenza are widely acknowledged as and extensive issue in healthcare. Allocation of scarce resources is the determination of how to equally and fairly distribute such resources in the healthcare environment. When allocating a resource, one must take into account geographical and infrastructural constraints. AllocationShow MoreRelatedGlobal Health 101 : Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Essay1024 Words   |  5 PagesIn a medically savaged developing country when there is a sudden influx of scarce resources, whom of the inflicted and in need shall be the beneficiary? The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that â€Å"Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and m edical care....† (Skolnik, 2016). Poverty stricken countries caught up in a labyrinth of illness are unable to deliver the correct care theirRead MorePrisoners Receiving Transplants1631 Words   |  7 Pagesincreases in age, questions and debates about the allocation of medical resources to prisoners will grow in urgency. One issue which arises every so often is whether convicted felons, especially those who are awaiting capital punishment, should receive the same level of medical care as others in society - including scarce donor organs for the purpose of transplantation. As is often the case, the debate over whether a death row inmate should receive an organ transplant is not a single controversy, but ratherRead MoreDistributive Justice and Organ Transplants Essay1181 Words   |  5 Pagesknowledge and technology have increased so has the number of these dilemmas. Organ transplants are a subject that many individuals do not think about until they or a family member face t he possibility of requiring one. Within clinical ethics the subject of organ transplants and the extent to which an individual should go to obtain one remains highly contentious. Should individuals be allowed to advertise or pay for organs? Society today allows those who can afford to pay for services the abilityRead MoreEthical Healthcare Issues There are questions about transplant allocation in regards to the four900 Words   |  4 PagesEthical Healthcare Issues There are questions about transplant allocation in regards to the four major ethical principles in medical ethics: beneficence, autonomy, nonmaleficence and justice. Beneficence is the â€Å"obligation of healthcare providers to help people† that are in need, autonomy is the â€Å"right of patients to make choices† in regards to their healthcare, nonmaleficence, is the â€Å"duty of the healthcare providers to do no harm†, and justice is the â€Å"concept of treating everyone in a fair manner†Read MoreThe Need For Rationing Increasingly Scarce Health Care Resources1543 Words   |  7 Pagesincreasingly scarce health care resources. There has been much debate over the questions of how best to provide quality health care coverage, which services are necessary and which are optional, and how to pay for it all. Although there does not seem to be a consensus on how best to distribute health care services, the growing demand for coverage and current expecta tions of the public make addressing the situation increasingly more pressing. Examples from the key health care areas of organ transplantationRead MoreEssay about Organ Transplantation and Ethical Considerations2773 Words   |  12 PagesOrgan Transplantation and Ethical Considerations In February 2003, 17-year-old Jesica Santillan received a heart-lung transplant at Duke University Hospital that went badly awry because, by mistake, doctors used donor organs from a patient with a different blood type. The botched operation and subsequent unsuccessful retransplant opened a discussion in the media, in internet chat rooms, and in ethicists circles regarding how we, in the United States, allocate the scarce commodity of organsRead MoreProponents Of Financial Incentives For Organ Donation Essay775 Words   |  4 Pages Proponents of financial incentives for organ donation assert that a demonstration project is necessary to confirm or refute the types of concerns mentioned above. The American Medical Association, the United Network for Organ Sharing and the Ethics Committee of the American Society of Transplant Surgeons have called for pilot studies of financial incentives. Conversely, the National Kidney Foundation maintains that it would not be feasible to design a pi lot project that would definitively demonstrateRead MoreJohn Q: an Ethical Analys and Review3010 Words   |  13 Pagesdemonstration of ethical principles of distributive justice as they pertain to healthcare and, more specifically, organ allocation in the face of scarcity. The film portrays the shortcomings of a managed care system as well as the pitfalls of a libertarian approach to allocation. Here discussed are the ethical approaches of Eglitarianism, Prioritarianisn, Utilitarianism, and Libertarianism to organ allocation as they pertain to the film as well as the situational change in the plot if these approaches were consideredRead MoreOrgan And Organ Of Organ Transplantation2652 Words   |  11 Pagescentury, organ transplantation provides a way of giving the gift of life to patients with terminal failure of vital organs. Organ transplantation requires the participation of both fellow human beings and of society by donating organs from deceased or living individuals. The e ver increasing rate of organ failure and the inadequate supply of organs have created a significant gap between organ supply and organ demand. This gap has resulted in extremely lengthy waiting times to receive an organ as wellRead MoreThe Organ Transplant Industry2375 Words   |  10 PagesDagny Layman Mia Wall AP English C 23 May 2015 Tough Choices: Efficiency vs. Equity in the Organ Transplant Industry Across the country, sick men, women, and children wait for new chances at life: donor organs. A young woman, chest riddled with cancerous tumors, learns that in order to survive she needs new heart within the next year. A grandfather, withered and jaundiced, slips slowly into a coma as years of heavy drinking take their final toll. A tiny infant, born with underdeveloped lungs, lies

Are Modern Sitcoms Too Controversial Free Essays

With today’s society being much more open and accepting about many different topics, the material content used as entertainment in many comedies is becoming more and more controversial. Popular television shows such as Absolutely Fabulous, Family Guy and American Dad! are consistently proving that jokes focusing on risque topics such as abortion, religion, alcohol and drug abuse, sexism, racism and even the subject of disabilities are more entertaining and therefore, despite some audiences watching these shows in horror, they are becoming more and more socially acceptable. Entertainment of the past was rather held back when compared to what is on television today. We will write a custom essay sample on Are Modern Sitcoms Too Controversial or any similar topic only for you Order Now This raises the question, are modern comedy sitcoms too controversial? In 1992, the BBC aired the British comedy Absolutely Fabulous, introducing viewers to two of the most self-indulgent and irresponsible women to have ever graced our television screens. This show which was created by the wonderful Jennifer Saunders, focused on two champagne-swigging, chain-smoking, outrageously past-their-prime characters – Edina Monsoon and Patsy Stone. These two characters made popping pills, drink driving and harassing Edina’s straight laced daughter a regular occurrence. Socially, if these characters were â€Å"real people†, their crazy antics would not be accepted within today’s society. This hilarious show however, has won its creator two BAFTA awards, seven Emmy awards and three British Comedy Awards (The Coffee Junkie, WordPress: 2010). Animated comedy’s controversial material as exemplified by Family Guy and American Dad! both of which were created by Seth Macfarlane, continue to push the boundaries due to the profanities, animated nudity, racism, sexism, Nazism, violence, abortion and almost every other risque topic one could possibly think of, referenced in these shows. Family Guy is one of the most controversial television shows currently on the air, and due to the nature of its material, complaints were made resulting in the show being cancelled. This show was cancelled not once however, but twice. Family Guy has been subject to much criticism, especially over its handling of sensitive issues such as HIV / AIDS and Down Syndrome, however, after extremely strong petitioning from such a large fan base, TV Executives put the show back on air, not wanting to risk losing such a large following. The result of this then provides the evidence that offensive humour is the key to a modern comedy’s success. Entertainment of the past has dramatically been transformed to suit the tastes of today’s audience. Creators are favouring television shows which constantly push the boundaries of political correctness. Society, it appears, is now more than happy to welcome this extremely cheeky form of entertainment into their homes. Gone are the days of sitting around the coffee table with TV dinners on your lap, watching shows such as Family Ties or Full House with the entire family. So the question, once again, has been raised as to whether comedy sitcoms are too controversial and in this day and age, it would seem that to find this form of humour offensive is considered prudish. In order to succeed, one must be at least one step ahead. Therefore, with society’s views on such topics easing up, entertainment must change as well. These shows may be extremely controversial, and will continue to be so. Just keep in mind that a good laugh has never done anyone any harm. How to cite Are Modern Sitcoms Too Controversial, Papers

Population Trends and Problems of Public Health †MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Population Trends and Problems of Public Health. Answer: Introduction The Saudi Arabian healthcare system consists of three main players including the government, government agencies, and private players. However, the government is the largest provider of health services across Saudi Arabia because it owns and manages most of the hospitals and dispensaries. This assignment will analyze the evolution of the healthcare in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Firstly, the paper will explore the history and evolution of the health care system. This part will focus on the progressive increase of infrastructure in the health sector, the involvement of the government and increase in the number of health professionals. Secondly, the assignment will discuss the evolution of the healthcare system policy and proposed rulings impacting the healthcare system. Finally, the paper will explore the effect of population growth on current Saudi Arabian healthcare access and efficiency. The Saudi Arabian healthcare system has a long history and has evolved significantly over the last few decades. The healthcare system started with small clinics and limited resources (Al-Rabeeah, 2003). King Abdulaziz launched the first public health department in Mecca in 1925 to improve the health of Saudi citizens (Almalki, FitzGerald, Clark, 2011). The health department was mandated to finance and implement free health care for the pilgrims and population by launching several dispensaries and hospitals. The establishment of this health department was a significant step in delivering curative health services to the population. However, the national revenue was inadequate to offer health care services to the entire population. As such, most Saudi citizens continued to use traditional medicines, and the prevalence of epidemic diseases remained high across the country. The healthcare system continued to evolve in the subsequent years. In 1949, there were 111 doctors and less than 10 0 hospital beds in Saudi Arabia. The number of doctors increased from 1172 in 1949 to 30281 in 1998. On the other hand, the number of nurses increased from 3261 in 1949 to 64790 in 1998. There were about 300 hospitals and about 1700 PHC care centers in 1998 around the Kingdom (Sebai, Milaat, Al-Zulaibani, 2001). In the recent past, the Saudi Arabian healthcare system has made significant achievements and is now ranked number 26 out of the best 190 healthcare systems in the world. The Saudi Arabian healthcare is ranked in a better position than Australia and Canada (World Health, 2000). The Ministry of Health (MOH) offers 60 percent of the health care services while 30 percent of the services are offered by the private players and other government agencies. Besides, the MOH has invested in infrastructure to expand the curative services in healthcare facilities around the country. The Riyadh invested 84.5 billion between 2005 and 2008 to improve health services for the citizens (Albejaidi, 2010). The MOH has also invested in medical training with the aim to increase the number of health professionals in the Kingdom. Even though the MOH is the biggest investor in the healthcare sector, the private sector has a significant market share in this sector. Currently, the MOH owns and manages approxim ately 244 hospitals and 2037 PHC across the Kingdom (Almalki, FitzGerald, Clark, 2011). Other government agencies own and run about 39 hospitals with a capacity of close to 10822 beds. The private sector, which operates mainly in urban centers, own and operate about 125 hospitals and 2218 dispensaries around the country. The entry of the private hospitals in the health sector was a major boost to the Saudi Arabian health care system because the private hospitals provide some of the advanced services that are unavailable in government healthcare facilities. The growth of the healthcare system Policy and/or proposed rulings affecting the healthcare system Healthcare system policy emerged because of the need to standardize operations in healthcare facilities and the need for clarity in managing legal, safety and professional issues. Other issues that triggered the need for healthcare system policy are the demand for better and more accessible services. The health policies in Saudi Arabian are introduced by the government through the MOH. The increasing demand for healthcare services led to the introduction of Council for Cooperative Health Insurance in 1999. The function of this body is to launch, control and manage a health insurance framework for the Saudi Arabian healthcare market. According to Walston and colleagues, this Council was launched due to the high costs of new medical technology and the increasing incidence of disease in the society (Walston, Al-Harbi, Al-Omar, 2008). The establishment of the Council for Cooperative Health Insurance has led to the introduction of different insurance policies to suit the Saudi citizens. A royal decree in 2002 led to the introduction of the Council of Health Services (Almalki, FitzGerald, Clark, 2011). The Council is led by the MOH and has representatives from the private health sector. This Council was established to overcome the inequalities in the provision of health services and offer cost-effective and comprehensive health care. Additionally, the government to introduce up-to-date health services in various hospitals across the nation. Privatization of public healthcare facilities is another factor that has impacted the health care system in Saudi Arabia. Policy makers in Saudi Arabia argue that the privatization of public hospitals is a good way to reform the health care system. The government has already initiated privatization strategy and passed the associated regulation. As such, several public healthcare facilities might be sold or leased to private players in the coming years. The government expects to accrue various benefits from the privatization of public hospitals such as fast decision-making and reduction in expenditure on health care. The MOH will also get new financial sources, and the overall health services will improve. If these benefits are achieved, more people will have access to affordable health care services at their convenience. The focus on e-health is also affecting the Saudi Arabian health care system. Although there is underutilization of e-health applications in the Kingdom, some hospitals are increasingly using these systems. Several health organizations have implemented electronic health record information and e-health to serve their patients better. The government is also investing heavily in creating e-health systems in the public sector. For instance, the MOH had set a budget of SR 4 billion to develop e-health programs between 2008 and 2011 (Qurban Austria, 2008). The provision of free healthcare services is another important in policy in the Saudi Arabian health system. Saudi citizens have access to free healthcare through 2000 PHC and 420 hospitals in the country (El Bcheraoui, et al., 2015). Public sector expats are also eligible for comprehensive health care including curative, preventive and diagnostic services. Advanced health services that are available through this policy are cancer treatment, organ transplant, and cardiovascular procedures. Impact of population growth on current Saudi Arabian healthcare access and efficiency The population of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is growing fast, and a large percentage of the population is aged below 40 years. As of 2014, the Saudi Arabias population was about 26 million people with an annual growth rate of 2.2% (Yusuf, 2014). The population growth is coupled with a rise in non-communicable illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The healthcare system has to cater for the health needs of the growing population with the limited resources. For example, one study found that the prevalence of obesity among employees was 72 percent, while the prevalence of diabetes was 22 percent (Alzeidan, Rabiee, Mandil, Hersi, Fayed, 2016). It is evident that the population growth in Saudi Arabia is affecting the access to health services for people of all ages. According to the current statistic released by MOH, there is inequality in the distribution of healthcare services in KSA. The inequality in health services across the Kingdom is attributable to th e unequal distribution of resources such as health professionals and infrastructure across geographical areas. Due to high population, people face long waiting time in hospitals and those who require a special service experience long waiting list. Besides, there is a shortage of health services for the most disadvantaged individuals in the society like the senior adults, individuals with special needs like disability (Alkawai Alowayyed, 2017). People living in rural areas, border and remote area are the most disadvantaged in the society since they lack the access to hospitals. The population increase impacts the long-term planning of community health as well as hospitals (Perrott Holland, 2005). Changes in age composition and alterations in population density create new problems in the healthcare system. Hence, the Saudi Arabian healthcare system is experiencing various problems due to rapid population growth. Conclusion Conclusively, the Saudi Arabian healthcare system has advanced significantly over the last few decades. The number of the health professionals and health facilities has increased across the country. This increase can be attributed to the investment of the government in medical training and construction of new hospitals. Evidently, the government has attempted to make health services available to Saudi citizens through different approaches such as the launch comprehensive health insurance, privatization and introduction of dispensaries in remote areas. Population growth is a great challenge to the access of health services in Saudi Arabia because it increases the number of people who are seeking care. The increase in population is also coupled with the emergence and increase of noncommunicable illnesses. References Albejaidi, F. (2010). Healthcare system in Saudi Arabia: An analysis of structure, total quality management and future challenges. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences , 2 (2), 794-818. Alkawai, F., Alowayyed, A. (2017). Barriers in accessing care services for physically disabled in a hospital setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, cross-sectional study. Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives , 7 (2), 82-86. Almalki, M., FitzGerald, G., Clark, M. (2011). Health care system in Saudi Arabia: an overview/Aperu du systme de sant en Arabie saoudite. Eastern Mediterranean health journal , 17 (10), 784-793. Al-Rabeeah, A. (2003). The history of health care in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with emphasis on pediatric surgery. Saudi medical journal , 24 (5), 9-10. Alzeidan, R., Rabiee, F., Mandil, A., Hersi, A., Fayed, A. (2016). Non-communicable disease risk factors among employees and their families of a Saudi university: An epidemiological study. PloS one , 11 (11), e0165036. El Bcheraoui, C., Tuffaha, M., Daoud, F., Kravitz, H., AlMazroa, M., Al Saeedi, M., et al. (2015). Access and barriers to healthcare in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013: findings from a national multistage survey. BMJ open , 5 (6), e007801. Perrott, G., Holland, D. (2005). Population trends and problems of public health. The Milbank Quarterly , 84 (4), 569-608. Qurban, M., Austria, R. (2008). Public perception on e-health services: implications of preliminary findings of KFMMC for military hospitals in KSA. In Proceedings of the European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems , 25-26. Sebai, Z., Milaat, W., Al-Zulaibani, A. (2001). Health care services in Saudi Arabia: Past, present and future. Journal of family community medicine , 8 (3), 19-23. Walston, S., Al-Harbi, Y., Al-Omar, B. (2008). The changing face of healthcare in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine , 28, 243250. World Health. (2000). The world health report 2000 Health systems: improving performance. Geneva: Word Health Organization. Yusuf, N. (2014). Private and public healthcare in Saudi Arabia: future challenges. International Journal of Business and Economic Development , 2 (1), 114-118.

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Five Main Advertising Media free essay sample

What are the strengths and weaknesses of the five main advertising media? Advertising is a communication its soul purpose is to inform customers about various products and services and how to obtain and use them. Advertising is a business and its messages are conveyed to the farthest places on Earth. It uses all major medium to deliver its messages including television, movies, newspapers, radio, magazines, video games, the internet and billboards. Most advertisements are often placed by an advertising agency on behalf of a company. Where same are seen as the most effective and some cater their own target audience, advertisement product is like any other product in the world, it has its pros and cons. So you have to plan what you what to use, where you want to use it and when, this role is up to the media planer. I will try to discuss the media planning two examples in using this medium and why is the structure of an advertising agency never static. Advertising Agency. Ad agency is one of the most combative businesses just like any other business it as it up and downs it deepens on many thing why an ad agency structure is never still e. . like the market crashing, or a company that the ad agency was working for lose money before that company lets go its employs it will cut funding to the ad agency, advertising agency are build or life’s of another business so the success of the ad agency deepens on shift or change in our culture e. g. like the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 change the way we think and buy. USA when the where going to war whit Iraq France was opposing them the sum of America people stopped buying France wine and also the Arabic company called flying emirates found it hard to sale its products in America. Because an ad agency is not like a traditionally business it’s more like a midi man its dose not own anything or buy’s anything in trams of business. But what it has have is a idea and unstinting between the â€Å"worlds of sealing and buying† it can’t function without them which is why it’s never static. TV TV has always been traditionally viewed as one of the most effective its one of the main strengths for media planners however, it is one of the most expensive media to use. Get you add to be air on one of the Broadcast, cable, or satellite all of them are quite expensive. Doing Adverts on this medium is mostly for the large company that wants to reach a large number of people. TV is a highly saturated medium meaning that TV has to answer to someone it can say or do what it what it’s as to have a highly leave of saturated TV can be told what it can show and can’t show for example when the government band ad’s of cigarette in UK the reason why TV has to have a high saturated is that it has the highest impact on its target audience and target audience of all ages, sex, race are watching it. Whit it ever-increasing amount of channels available makes it harder to break through to its target audience for the ads there is a high chancy of your ad been seen all over the country. But some of the satellite channels are getting more specialized in catering its only target audience needs and terms of interests e. g. like the shopping channels, Holladay channels and so on. Those channels are targeting specific group or demographic a bit more easy then it would have if it did not have TV. Radio Radio is one of the oldest medium to communicate with its audience when TV took over the radio’s spot long time ago radio had to change but it had something to it availability that other entertainment mediums could not use such as car Radio has made the radio not obsolete but moved from the livening room to the car’s livening room its riches its audience from home to work from work to home. Radio is much more cost effective than television advertising. Radio its nature, usually regional in its broadcasting which makes it easy and accessible to smaller companies that only want to hit a certain geographic region. Radio leaves a lot more to the imagination than TV would have. However the lacks of this visual capabilities of radio, makes it harder for a radio to maintain and captive’s its audience. Also high definition radio, internet radio and as will as TV radio have become new mediums within the overall radio medium that are somewhat untapped in their potential, partially due to the fact that they have not been as successful as they were projected to be at their conception. With radio advertising can costs vary enormously and it depend very much on the time slot and length of dvert. A typical slot of 25 seconds can be around ? 250 ? 1000 per week, depending on the frequency and amount of listeners they have. Print Media Magazines/newspaper/ Billboards Magazines can be a pretty good way to catering to a particular target audience. Most magazines or newspaper at least about 30% of its audience is older than other forms of media where TV has younger and older audience. All magazines are simple general interest magazine, meaning you â€Å"Read what you like† if you are in to car’s you will read a car magazines or any other interest. Due to this fact, it is possible for a company to place something in a magazine that they know it will reach its actual target audience. By doing this it cutting out many of the sets of those audiences that would not even give an ad another second of their attention this is what TV and Radio are missing, Magazines are often kept for months. Your message keeps selling. Excellent picture reproduction quality and the paper are far superior to newsprint. Billboards can be extremely effective in generating brand awareness, at the very least. If they are placed effectively, especially in a place where there is a high amount of traffic, preferably traffic that is stopped for some of the time, like rush hour traffic in a city. Unfortunately, they are most often placed on a quickly-moving highway or smaller road, and, for this reason, they are passed by relatively quickly, and, the driver or passenger in a car may not give them a second thought. For this reason, you cannot have an extremely wordy billboard, which makes conveying a concrete message about a product pretty hard. Advertising messages are more images related and less price oriented excellent pass-along value. Many regional and national magazines include classified ad sections that may be useful for or selling individual products. The disadvantages of magazines, newspaper, billboards are limited flexibility in terms of ad placement and format. The shelf life of any print medium is limited; newspapers are among the public eye for a day. Print Media may not always give you a wide reach term of what kind of people who may actually read your message is limited. Particular newspaper may not actually be accessible to all your target audience sometimes your message may be missed your audience and you always have to plan months had to advertise in print media. Which means it does not lave whit a lot of flexibility time when a faced a tight deadline. Internet advertising and its differs between the others. Internet Advertising is the new future since many companies and businesses have their own web sites and advertisements are located all in the web. The World Wide Web is hastily becoming the most effective way for an advert to be viewed allowing potential customers to view these advertisements. Search engines or a small site that sell advertisement space for sponsoring are profiting highly from the increase of advertising on the Internet. Also contributing to the profit of businesses is the fact that the number of people that have access to the internet is growing as well as internet services which is growing as will. Ads on the Internet can be interactive. You can request viewer feedback, take orders or answer questions instantly. Ad can run within the internet longer the any of the other medium and last longer than the other’s. Where the Internet is constantly available an advert can potentially reach a large or a global audience, if you take out the language barriers anyone at any location in the world can access information about your products or services. Pop up ad literally pop out of nowhere and appear on your screen. It may be annoying to the users but these pop up are very effective because the user does not have a choice to not view. Where as in a TV ad sometime you use that to get up get a tea or change channel what is on you are not force to view it. All this medium’s different have their own strengths and weaknesses but where radio, and print media can be used on the move TV and internet cannot be used on the move but that have a large audience the other medium’s. Like I said before TV has a highly saturated and so does print media and radio but the internet does not have that so ad can be ruled as it wants to be was to or shocking it does not have the censorship that other media has its free to do what it wants. And you can see the different between other mediums is the way ad is made or show to the target audience. What I mean by is some online ad is made to shock you and give the look of a homemade video. But some of the big companies make big ad’s which give the look of a short film but it the only way is to go only for example the new Nike ad for the world cup â€Å"WRITE THE FUTURE† it was also aired on TV but it was the short version that made it to TV because it would have too much money to show it all on TV, to get the full length version you had to go online to see that, it does helps that ad on is online free to be aired so it can be long as you want.